Things You Need to Know about Home Quarantine
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Keywords: Home Quarantine,tips
On January 20, 2020, China National Health Commission released No. 1 Notice that included the novel coronavirus pneumonia（COVID-19）among Class B infectious diseases as is prescribed in the China Infectious Disease Prevention Act. However, prevention and control measures of Class A infectious diseases were adopted against the disease, so home quarantine is justified. On January 24, WHO also put forward suggestions on home quarantine for concerned people. Home quarantine can effectively cut off transmission and lower the risk of virus infection. Through reducing the risk of transmission to others, saving human resources and medical resources, it can also minimize damage of virus on society. Therefore, home quarantine is necessary and the first recommended way for prevention and control. It is our hope that everyone will follow these guidelines in earnest to guarantee your own and others' safety.
The home should be well ventilated and have enough space for each person to have his/her own room and sanitation facilities. If the above conditions cannot be met, isolation shall be conducted at the centralized medical observation sites.
Yes, but the rest of the family needs to be confined to the home as well and forbidden to go out. Family members shall live in separate and well-ventilated rooms. Any objects that may cause indirect contact of the infection, including but not limited to toothbrushes, tableware, food, drink, towels, clothing and bedding, cannot be shared. Tableware can only be reused after being cleaned and disinfected.
When living with other people, you should wear disposable medical masks and change them every 4 hours or when the masks are wet. Pay attention to cough etiquette and hand hygiene. Cover your mouth and nose with a paper tissue when you cough or sneeze. Wash your hands with soap and running water immediately after contact with any respiratory secretion. Any used paper towel, mask, etc. should be placed in special garbage bags and put into dustbins with lids.
One fixed family member who is in good health and free of chronic illness should be designated as caregiver. People who live with the isolated person should wear disposable medical masks, avoid being in the same room with the isolated person for a long time, and keep a distance of more than 1 meter when contact is necessary.
During home quarantine, it is necessary that isolated persons dine separately from other family members and use special tableware. The tableware must be disinfected by boiling or being immersed in disinfection cabinets or disinfectant.
Air conditioning should not be used in the room, especially central air conditioner that is shared with other rooms. If needed, a heater should be used.
Surgical masks, thermometers, antiseptic paper tissues, disposable gloves, trash bins with lids, disinfectants such as 84 Disinfectant and household necessities should be prepared. There should be a proper supply of regularly taken medicines, and communication should be smooth and clear.
Clean and disinfect hands in case of any direct contact with suspected individuals, after visiting the rooms of suspected individuals, before and after cooking and eating, after using the bathroom, or whenever hands are visibly dirty.
If hands are visibly clean, use quick-drying hand sanitizer. If hands are visibly soiled, wash hands with anti-bacterial soap and running water. (Please note that when using alcohol-based disinfectant, keep away from flames.) After washing your hands, use a disposable paper towel to dry your hands.
Chlorine-based disinfectants or peracetic acid are recommended for regularly cleaning and disinfecting the floor and furniture of your home. Clean and disinfect the bathroom and the surface of the toilet at least once a day. Wash clothing, bed sheets, bath towels used by the suspected individuals with water at 60-90℃ and dry them completely. Before cleaning, do not shake the dirty laundry and avoid exposure of your skin and clothes to the laundry. Wear disposable gloves before cleaning and touching objects contaminated by body secretions. Clean and disinfect hands before wearing and after removing the gloves.
It is necessary to obey community management. Going-out is forbidden during the quarantine period. Monitor your temperature and symptoms every morning and evening, and give feedback to community staff in a timely manner.
(1)Dyspnea (including increased chest stress, labored breathing, shortness of breath).
(2)Consciousness problems (including drowsiness, talking nonsense, incapable of telling day and night, etc.).
(4)Fever higher than 39℃.
(5)Other family members show symptoms of COVID-19.